Thursday, August 27, 2020

Earth Science Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Earth Science - Essay Example As a rule, their relationship with different creatures, for example, that portrayed in a natural way of life, gives an impression concerning the spot or territory a specific evolved way of life is available. With regards to the model over, one should seriously think about a meadow as where this natural pecking order happens. Unquestionably, this isn't something you will see on a marine biological system. Then again, scientists take a gander at living beings at a closer way. They take a gander at their anatomical structures, and how these structures permit them to work and live in the natural surroundings where they are found. They additionally concentrate how living beings recreate with the goal that it can exist for many years Biomes are general portrayals of zones dependent on the sorts of vegetation present and the adjustments that the creatures need to experience to thrive in such territories. It is not quite the same as a zoogeographical locale, in that the last are explicit ter ritories on Earth characterized by the creatures living around there. These districts are partitioned by seas, mountain reaches, or sweets ( Two kinds of biomes are desert and tundra. Deserts are dry territories of the Earth where precipitation is under 50 cm/year. Thusly, the plants present in these zones have water holding properties, such a thick fingernail skin to forestall unnecessary water dissipation. Too, they will in general be nearer to the ground, and their leaves have restricted surface territory (, 2007). Then again, plants in tropical timberlands display wide assorted variety, with enormous shelters blended with little bushes in the middle of them. The plants are likewise tall, boosting the measure of light present without making up for the water misfortunes that may happen upon vanishing, 2007). 2. Forrested zones will in general have acidic and less organized soils than that of meadows since timberland tree leachates are acidic in nature ( Beside the life forms present in the dirt, the atmosphere, parent material, and time are significant elements that influence soil advancement. In particular, parent material influences extraordinarily the dirt turn of events. The substance and mineralogical sythesis of parent material decides the adequacy of enduring powers. For instance, that comprised of for the most part silica may not be as adequately endured as that of soil made out of calcium carbonate. Too, the descending development of water is constrained by the penetrability of the material. Be that as it may, on specific events, other soil-shaping elements are a higher priority than the parent material. For instance, a plant developing on sandy soil with low dampness content is still better than another which is dev eloped on dirt, given that the previous is in zone with preferable precipitation over last mentioned. Also, time is significant, with the end goal that a generally old and endured soil contain more supplements, both natural and inorganic, than a moderately youthful soil that has not experienced much enduring yet Through time, the outside of the Earth is altered by outer and inside procedures. Outside procedures are driven by sun powered vitality, and incorporate breeze conveyed debris, glaciation, stream disintegration, water cycle, the maritime course framework and enduring. Then again, inside procedures driven by radioactive rot underneath the Earth’

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Comparative Analysis of Qualitative and Quantitative free essay sample

Research in sociologies to a great extent relies upon estimations and examination and translation of numerical just as non numerical information. Quantitative research strategies center around measurable methodologies and subjective techniques depend on content investigation, relative examination, grounded hypothesis, and understanding. Quantitative strategies accentuate on target estimations and numerical examination of information gathered through surveys, polls or overviews and subjective research centers around understanding social marvels through meetings, individual remarks and so on. Quantitative and subjective strategies are concentrated inside the setting of positivist and henomenological ideal models. The utilization of research techniques could be concentrated with regards to business and the executives or in social brain research to comprehend a social procedure. A portion of the fundamental instruments for subjective or quantitative research are identified with information assortment strategies which can be contextual analyses, polls or meetings. Research strategies are centered around things like administration issues or social procedure for instance; an investigation on the connection between age, physical exercise and sexual orientation. We will compose a custom exposition test on Near Analysis of Qualitative and Quantitative or then again any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page A few hindrances and potential defects of such strategies might be identified with misuse or isuse of meeting procedures, insufficiency of information assortment techniques and dependability of information. The methodological methodology and information assortment strategies are significant in research and structure a significant part of study. The contextual investigation approach is particularly valuable in examination of business situations and perceptual mapping strategies are utilized for showcasing research. Center gatherings and reviews are utilized as other favored strategies for information assortment, particularly inside business conditions. Interpretive research can be considered as a significant part of subjective nalysis, in spite of the fact that similarly as with every single subjective datum, abstract predisposition can be an impediment in the legitimacy of such methodologies. In examining research techniques, it is important to feature the contrasts among subjective and quantitative strategies despite the fact that it has likewise been contended that an incorporated way to deal with social examination could shut in the hole among quantitative and subjective strategies and both these techniques could be utilized for social research contemplates. Indeed there may not be a predetermined right strategy for explore as every technique appears to have its qualities and shortcomings and

Friday, August 21, 2020

Credit Card Skimmer Found in Chicago Store - OppLoans

Credit Card Skimmer Found in Chicago Store - OppLoans Credit Card Skimmer Found in Chicago StoreInside Subprime: August 26, 2019By Lindsay FrankelChicago police are cautioning consumers about credit card safety after finding a credit card skimmer in an ATM at a Target store downtown. The skimmer was found in an area with a high concentration of Chicago payday loan stores, which are known to target financially vulnerable people.Police responded to the store on South State Street after a technician located the skimming device. It remains uncertain how long the skimmer was there, and there aren’t currently any suspects in custody.A credit card skimmer is a device typically installed at a gas pump or ATM that is designed to steal your credit card information for the purpose of making clone cards.According to Consumer Reports, as recently as 2016 there was 70 percent jump in credit and debit cards being compromised at ATMs and card readers. Gas stations are an easy target for crooks because most have not updated their payment terminals wit h chip technology, which can help prevent skimming.Representatives from the Better Business Bureau along with Chicago police have several suggestions for detecting skimming technology. The simplest way to find out if there’s a skimming device installed at an ATM or gas pump is to “jiggle the card port before you insert your card, because normally youll be able to tell if there is a device thats put there to compromise your account information,” said Officer Zeyad Matlock.There are also apps you can download that will help detect the presence of a credit card skimmer.Steve Bernas, president and CEO of the Better Business Bureau of Chicago and Northern Illinois, also suggests putting your hand over the PIN pad while entering your information, since hidden cameras are sometimes used to steal PIN information.In addition, activate text alerts for your credit card account so you can uncover fraudulent transactions right away. Report your suspicions to your bank or credit card issuer immediately.Credit card skimming drains Americans of about $2 billion annually. To avoid becoming a victim, consider taking steps to find out if there’s a device installed before using an ATM or gas pump.Learn more about  payday loans, scams, and  cash advances  by  checking out our  city and state financial guides, including  Florida,  Illinois,  Chicago,  Ohio,  Texas, and more.Visit  OppLoans  on  YouTube  |  Facebook  |  Twitter  |  LinkedIn

Monday, May 25, 2020

Presidential Elections - ESL Lesson

Its the presidential election season in the United States and the topic is quite popular in classes around the country. Discussing the presidential election can cover a wide range of topics beyond just the two candidates. For example, you might discuss and explain the U.S. electoral college and process of collecting and counting votes. Advanced level classes might find the topic especially interesting as they can bring in observations and comparisons from their own electoral systems. Here are some suggestions and short activities that you can use in class to focus on the election. Ive put them in the order in which Id present the exercises in class in order to build up vocabulary. However, each exercise could certainly be done as a standalone activity. Definition Match Up Match the key vocabulary concerning elections to the definition. Terms attack adscandidatedebatedelegateElectoral Collegeelectoral voteparty conventionparty platformpolitical partypopular votepresidential nomineeprimary electionregistered voterslogansound bitestump speechswing statethird partyto electto nominatevoter turnoutvoting booth Definitions choose who will be the next presidenta state which does not typically vote either Republican or Democrat but swings back and forth between the partiesa short phrase which is used to encourage voters to support a candidatea political party which is neither Republican nor Democratthe person who runs for president  the person who is chosen by the party to run for presidentan election to decide who will be chosen by the party  a representative from a state who can vote at the primary conventiona gathering of a political party to choose a candidate and vote on other issues important to the partya standard speech that is used repeatedly during a campaignadvertising which is aggressive and tries to hurt the other candidatea short phrase which sums up an opinion or fact and is repeated throughout the mediahow many people vote in the election, usually expressed in a percentagethe group of state representatives which cast the electoral votea vote by someone in the Electoral College for the votethe number of people who vote for the president Conversation Questions Here are some questions to get the conversation going. These questions use the vocabulary in the match up to help start using the new vocabulary actively. Which parties have candidates?Who are the nominees?  Have you seen a presidential debate?How do presidential elections differ from the US election in your country?Do voters have to register in your country?Whats voter turnout like in your country?Do you understand the difference between the Electoral college and the popular vote?What do you think are the main planks in each partys platform?Which candidate appeals to you? Why? Electoral Points of View In this day and age of media sound bites, it can be a helpful exercise to remind students that media coverage almost has its own point-of-view despite claims of objectivity. Ask students to try to find examples of articles that are biased from both the left and the right, as well as from a neutral point of view.   Have students find an example of a biased Republican and Democratic news report or article.Ask students to underline the biased opinions.Each student should explain how the opinion is biased. Questions that cant help include: Does the blog post represent a specific point of view? Does the author appeal to the emotions or rely on statistics? How does the writer try to persuade the reader of his or her point of view? Etc.  Ask students to write a short blog post or paragraph presenting either candidate from a biased point of view. Encourage them to exaggerate!As a class, discuss what types of signs they look for when looking for bias. Student Debate For more advanced classes, ask students to debate the issues being presented as themes of the election. Students should base their arguments on how they think each candidate would address the issues.   Student Polling Activity A simple exercise: ask students to vote for either candidate and count the votes. The results may surprise everyone!   Finally, students might also find this presidential election dialogue helpful, as well as this longer reading comprehension on presidential elections.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Play Therapy Is Used As A Modality - 1398 Words

Play therapy was presented in class by Kallie Kraweitz, who was a guest speaker. Ms. Kraweitz is in the process of completing her online Education in Counseling and Play therapy from University of Mississippi. She is not an expert in the subject but she is currently in the program and she came to share some basic information that she has learned in her course work and also the experiences that she has acquired during her journey in the course. She defined play therapy as â€Å"the systematic use of theoretical model to establish an interpersonal process wherein trained play therapist use the therapeutic powers of play to help clients prevent or resolve psychological difficulties and achieve optimal growth and development† ( Kallie Make a†¦show more content†¦When this is accomplished that is when the clinician is able to help their clients and find intervention that will help elevate the problem. In addition, this is a way that the clinician will establish a relation ship with their client. By so doing the clients will be able to establish trust with the clinician because without trust the client will not be comfortable to share deep information about what is going on with them but when they gain their trust, that is when the clinician will really get to know what is going on with their client. Still Alice is a movie that we watched in class. This movie is about a Harvard psychologist named Alice Howland who is diagnosed with early onset Alzheimer’s disease at the peak of her career. We notice some symptom of disorder when she is invited to speak at Stanford and she could not remember simple words during her presentation and also when she went to Los Angeles to visit her daughter Lydia, she becomes forgetful and when she returns home to Cambridge and she goes for a run and she forgets her way home and although she eventually remembers her way and she gets home. Alice does not think that she has Alzheimer, instead she thinks that maybe it is menopause so she decided to make an appointment with a doctor to find out what is going on with her. She does go to her appointment, the doctor does not really know what is going on with her she they request for an MRI to be performed on her and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Vengeful Heart That Ignites The Hysteria Of The Salem...

Alexa Graham AP English/5thPeriod Mrs. Garner December 17, 2014 The Vengeful Heart That Ignites the Hysteria of the Salem Witch Trials The ability to live one’s life to the fullest is a God-given right that no one should have to suppress. In the rigid structure of Puritan settlements, there was minimal room to explore life, especially if you were a young Puritan woman. Women were required to sit silently and obey their husbands, take care of the children and the house, and attend church like good Christian wives. However, as in all human beings, these women had temptations and sinful natures. In The Crucible, Arthur Miller illustrates the relationship between Abigail Williams and John Proctor to portray the themes of pride and lust, and the part they played during the Salem Witch Trials. John Proctor struggles against his lethal attraction to Abigail, fighting with his own moral qualities. When Proctor and Abigail are alone in Betty’s room in Act 1, he reveals that he is still attracted to her rebellious nature when he smiles at her mischief. â€Å"Ah, you’re wicked yet, aren’t y’!† (Miller 23). However, as she advances towards him temptingly, thinking he still feels the same as her, he remembers himself and tries to back track, feeling sympathy for her, but knowing it is the right thing to do. â€Å"Child-†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ â€Å"But I will cut off my hand before I reach for you again† (Miller 23). Proctor’s desire for Abigail centered on the fact that she was so willing to disregard the Puritan

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus †

Question: Discuss about the Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. Answer: Introduction Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is an infection caused by a human bacterial microorganism called Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus). According to Bogestam et al (2018), S.aureus is responsible for various infections in humans such as bullous impetigo, folliculitis, boils, cellulitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, post-surgical wound infection as well as intravascular line infections. The author further adds that S.aureus can also lead to deadly infections such as meningitis, septicemia and endocarditis. The main aim of this essay is to analyze MRSA by identifying its risk factors and evaluating its prevalence in Australia. With specific reference to Mrs. Jenkins, a patient admitted with MRSA, the paper will first identify the incidence and prevalence of MRSA in Australia. Secondly, there will be an examination of Mrs. Jenkins diagnosis and the relationship between her infection and other factors such as hand hygiene, transmitted-based precautions, and standard pre cautions. Lastly, the paper will examine the role of both community registered nurse and occupational therapist in relation to Mrs. Jenkins case. The identification of incidence and prevalence of MRSA in Australia has largely been the responsibility of the Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR), an organization that has been monitoring the prevalence of MRSA in Australia since 1985 (Wang et al 2018). According to the author, there exist two main types of MRSA namely the hospital-acquired MRSA and the community-acquired MRSA. Community-based MRSA (CA-MRSA) are MRSA infections acquired by individuals who have not had a recent hospital and may not have undergone any clinical procedure such as catheter, dialysis or surgery. CA-MRSA is mostly manifested in the form of boils, pimples and skin infections that may otherwise occur in healthy individuals (Askura et al 2018). On the other hand, according to Hongo et al (2018), hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA) occur among individuals who might have been in the hospital in the recent past for clinical procedures such as surgery, catheter or dialysis. They mainly occur where pa tients undergo invasive medical procedures or where patients have low immune systems and are mainly transmitted when a physician touches an HA-MRSA carrier and fails to wash their hands (Heckel et al 2017). Research has it that the hospital-acquired MRSA in Australia (Aus-2/3) is associated with most MRSA infections and originated from Australia after becoming established in most Melbourne Teaching hospitals in the 1970s. According to Kuonza et al (2017), the first survey done by AGAR in 1985 revealed that Aus-2/3 was responsible for 25% of all S.aureus infection in most big hospitals in Sidney, Canberra, Eastern Seaboard, and Melbourne. These revelations called for intensive efforts by the Australian Department of Health to reduce the prevalence and address the possible risk factors. A recent study by AGRA indicate that the Aus-2/3 may be existing in two types of clones, a phenomenon suspected to have been the cause of an increase in the prevalence of MRSA in the period of 2001 and 2005 especially within New South Wales, Queensland, and Victoria (Becker et al 2018). However, studies by Guimaraes et al (2017) indicate a decline in Aus-2/3 prevalence in the year 2009 and the decline is estimated to have continued at a rapid rate since then. Nonetheless, Sorensen et al (2017), Naidu et al (2017) and Herrera et al (2016) acknowledge that Aus-2/3 has largely contributed to various community-onset infections especially among patients with a history of admission into facilities characterized by its prevalence. As illustrated by Sato et al (2017) in figure1 below, the decline in the prevalence of Aus-2/3 has largely been attributed to an improvement in infection control within Australian hospitals, an introduction of The National Hygiene Program in 2008, and the implementation of policies that demand public reporting of MRSA infection trends in Australia. Sato et al (2017) also note that the decline in the prevalence of Aus-2/3 has largely been boosted by the implementation of National Safety and Quality Health Service (NSQHS) Standards which mainly advocates for preventing and controlling infections associated with healthcare. Naro et al (2018) believe that CA-MRSA had its first onset in Australia in 1980s and has since increased in prevalence to exceed the prevalence of HA-RMSA in Australia. In fact, according to the author, CA-MRSA is largely believed to have rivaled HA-MRSA as the cause of hospital-onset infection in Australia. Part of the reason for their high prevalence is its high resistance to antibiotics and it is estimated that this resistant is likely to increase over time (Ghaznavi-Rad et al 2018). Blanco et al (2017) claim that CA-RMSA was first noted in Australia in 1985 and became more prevalent in Kimberley region in 1989. By 2004, a number of CA-RMSA clones are believed to have gained much prevalence in Western Australia. Fast forward to 2014, CA-RMSA is believed to have accounted for 45% of all hospital-onset infections as compared to HA-MRSA which was at 48% (Sato et al 2017). The following figure (figure 2) illustrates AGRAs survey of CA-MRSA prevalence between 2001 and 2014: In the case of Mrs. Jenkins, her MRSA infection could be a HA-MRSA because she has a history of sustaining an injury and was admitted in the hospital where her wound was dressed and cleaned before discharge. He has now been readmitted again and the doctor has diagnosed her with MRSA. According to Carfora et al (2016), HA-MRSA usually occurs on patients who have recently had a hospital admission and therefore it is highly likely that Mrs. Jenkins earlier admission might have exposed her to HA-MRSA. Because both HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA occur in different settings, Mrs. Jenkins might have been exposed to HA-MRSA as a result of three main factors namely: Being hospitalized Undergoing an invasive medical procedure, and Longer residence in the hospital. Being hospitalized is a great risk factor for HA-MRSA because a hospitalized patient is highly exposed to carriers of MRSA bacteria (Wang et al 2018). In the case of Jenkins, the physician might have touched his wound during dressing with gloves which may have earlier been used to handle a HA-MRSA carrier patient. Likewise, the hospital might not have been at a good hygienic condition when Jenkins was fist admitted in the hospital. This is because according to Bogestam et al (2018), MRSA bacteria spread rapidly in hospitals that have poor hygiene practices. Jenkins could have also been exposed to HA-MRSA as a result of getting into contact with invasive medical devices especially if the physician used them during wound dressing. According to Hongo et al (2018), invasive medical materials such as scissors, catheters, and surgical knives provide a pathway for HA-MRSA to invade the patients body. The hospital bedding could have also been a risk factor for Jenkins to contact HA-MRSA if a t all she lay on some that were not properly washed or sanitized. According to Heckel et al (2017), HA-MRSA bacteria tend to reside on unclean or poorly kept hospital linen such as bed sheets or blankets. Other risk factors for RMSA include keeping wounds uncovered, using other peoples personal items such as razors, towels, clothing and sheets, keeping unclean hands especially after touching other peoples personal objects, and lack of protective gadgets such as gloves in hospital settings. While some of these risk factors may not relate to Jenkins case, being aware of them minimizes the likeliness of getting MRSA (Askura et al 2018). Hand hygiene and HA-MRSA Nearly a decade ago, Ignaz Semmelweis discovered a relationship between health workers hand hygiene and infections to patients. Indeed, several years after his death, a slew of evidence (Kuonza et al 2017; Becker et al 2018; and Bogestam et al 2018) are still emerging to show that there is an association between healthcare-associated infections and health workers hand hygiene. As a result, scholars have proposed improved hand hygiene as a major prevention remedy for HA-MRSA. In fact, while there is still no consensus among scholars over the best control mechanism for HA-MRSA, a majority of them (e.g. Heckel et al 2017, Kuonza et al 2017, Becker et al 2018 and Bogestam et al 2018) agree that keeping hand hygiene is a cornerstone remedy. For instance, Pittet et al (2009) launched a quasi-experimental study to investigate the effects of maintained hand hygiene on the infection rates of HA-MRSA. The intervention included an increased access to alcohol hand scrubs and visual hand washing reminders. Feedback from the hospital staff indicated an increase in hand washing compliance by 18% with a reported decrease in HA-MRSA episodes in the hospital by 0.5 incidences per 10000 patient-days. This and other studies (Hongo et al 2018, Heckel et al 2017 and Sorensen et al 2017) reveal that keeping high-level hand hygiene by washing hands with antibiotic soaps after touching body fluids, secretions, excretions, blood or contaminated items reduce the chances of Jenkins contracting HA-MRSA. Kuonza et al (2017) also recommend that when hands (with gloves or not) are visibly soiled with body fluids or blood when handling the same patient, physicians should wash them with clean water and soap to prevent cross-contamination of the patients different body parts. Apart from hand hygiene, the other standard precaution required to be maintained to prevent HA-MRSA include gloving, eye, mouth and nose protection, gowning and proper laundry handling. According to Hongo et al (2018), wearing non-sterile and clean gloves when a physician is likely to handle blood or other infectious fluids such as non-intact skin (e.g. Jenkins wound), mucus, or contaminated intact skin is extremely important. The gloves should also be carefully removed after handling the patient to prevent hand contamination. While handling mucous membrane, the physician should wear protective gear such as masks, face shields, goggles, or a combination of both; on the nose, eyes, mouth, and ears to avoid contact with splashed blood or infectious fluids (Wang et al 2018). According to Bogestam et al (2018), it is also a standard precaution to wear gowns to protect the physicians skin from contamination and to ensure that the physicians clothes are not contaminated by body fluids or s ecretions. After dressing Jenkins wound, it was necessary to transport or handle his bedding/linen carefully to avoid contamination of air or the nearby surfaces (Askura et al 2018). Transmitted-Based Precautions Transmitted-base precautions for HA-MRSA are categorized into droplet, airborne and contact precautions. According to Kuonza et al (2017), contact-based precautions are normally meant to prevent the transmission of HA-MRSA through direct or indirect contact with a carrier and may include placing patients diagnosed with HA-MRSA in private rooms or together with other patients with similar diagnosis. It also involves keeping the patients quarantined in their respective rooms unless they are to be moved for a medical procedure (Wang et al 2018). According to Hongo et al (2018), other contact-based precautions include wearing gloves before handling the diagnosed patient and observing all the other standard precautions related to HA-MRSA. Droplet precautions are meant to prevent transmission from infectious agents that can drop from the patient through sneezing or coughing. According to Bogestam et al (2018), they include keeping the patient in surgical masks when out of the room, keeping them in private rooms unless they are to be moved for a medical procedure, keeping patient care items such as pressure cuffs dedicated to the patients only, and teaching the patients to cover their nose when sneezing or coughing. Being an old-age patient, these precautions should be implemented with care to ensure that she does not perceive her isolation as a disregard to her health situation or age (Sorensen et al 2017). It is also important to explain to Jenkins the importance of each procedure to gain her best cooperation. Hongo et al (2018) write that a community registered nurses major role is to attend to patients receiving health care services outside the hospital setting. In the case of Jenkins, a community registered nurse would help meet her health needs in respect to her old age situation especially owing to the fact that she is highly prone to forgetting to take her prescribed medication, and maintain the required hygiene for the wound to heal faster. Typically, the nurse would be responsible for cleaning and dress Jenkins wound, ensuring Jenkins maintains the oral medication until the end of the dosage, and maintain Jenkins general hygiene to ensure that she does not infect other people around her with MRSA. On the other hand, an occupational therapist majorly offers therapy services to patients with chronic musculoskeletal illness. In the case of Jenkins, an occupational therapist would be responsible for helping improve her performance of daily activities such as valued daily roles, social interaction and leisure activities (Wang et al 2018). According to Bogestam et al (2018), an occupational therapist would also assist Jenkins to adapt to life routine disruptions as a result of her wound and maintain her physiological balance as a result of her health and age condition. References Asakura, K, Azechi, T, Sasano, H, Matsui, H, Hanaki, H, Miyazaki, M, Takata, T, Sekine, M, Takaku, T, Ochiai, T, Komatsu, N, Shibayama, K, Katayama, Y, Yahara, K 2018, 'Rapid and easy detection of low-level resistance to vancomycin in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry', Plos ONE, 13, 3, pp. 1-10, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Becker, K, van Alen, S, Idelevich, E, Schleimer, N, Seggewi, J, Mellmann, A, Kaspar, U, Peters, G 2018, 'Plasmid-Encoded Transferable mecB-Mediated Methicillin Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus', Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24, 2, pp. 242-248, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Bogestam, K, Vondracek, M, Karlsson, M, Fang, H, Giske, C 2018, 'Introduction of a hydrolysis probe PCR assay for high-throughput screening of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with the ability to include or exclude detection of Staphylococcus argenteus', Plos ONE, 13, 2, pp. 1-14, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Blanco, N, Perencevich, E, Li, S, Morgan, D, Pineles, L, Johnson, J, Robinson, G, Anderson, D, Jacob, J, Maragakis, L, Harris, A, null, n 2017, 'Effect of meteorological factors and geographic location on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization in the US', Plos ONE, 12, 5, pp. 1-13, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Carfora, V, Giacinti, G, Sagrafoli, D, Marri, N, Giangolini, G, Alba, P, Feltrin, F, Sorbara, L, Amoruso, R, Caprioli, A, Amatiste, S, Battisti, A 2016, 'Methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in dairy sheep and in-contact humans: An intra-farm study', Journal Of Dairy Science, 99, 6, pp. 4251-4258, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Ghaznavi-Rad, E, Fard-Mousavi, N, Shahsavari, A, Japoni-Nejad, A, Van Belkum, A 2018, 'Distribution of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec types among methicillin-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci in central Iran', Iranian Journal Of Microbiology, 10, 1, pp. 7-13, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Guimares, F, Manzi, M, Joaquim, S, Richini-Pereira, V, Langoni, H 2017, 'Short communication: Outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-associated mastitis in a closed dairy herd', Journal Of Dairy Science, 100, 1, pp. 726-730, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Hongo, M, Miyakoshi, N, Fujii, M, Kasukawa, Y, Ishikawa, Y, Kudo, D, Shimada, Y 2018, 'Pyogenic Spondylitis Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Associated with Tracheostomy followed by Resection of Ossification of the Anterior Longitudinal Ligament', Case Reports In Orthopedics, pp. 1-5, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Heckel, M, Geidrfer, W, Herbst, F, Stiel, S, Ostgathe, C, Bogdan, C 2017, 'Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at a palliative care unit: A prospective single service analysis', Plos ONE, 12, 12, pp. 1-14, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Herrera, F, Garca-Lpez, M, Santos, J 2016, 'Short communication: Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw milk fresh cheese in Colombia', Journal Of Dairy Science, 99, 10, pp. 7872-7876, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Kuonza, L, Shuping, L, Perovic, O, Musekiwa, A, Iyaloo, S 2017, 'Hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A cross-sectional analysis of risk factors in South African tertiary public hospitals', Plos ONE, 12, 11, pp. 1-14, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Naidu, D, Quinones, J, Lutschg, K, Balaguru, D 2017, 'Healthy Adolescent with a Mycotic Aortic Aneurysm from Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus', Texas Heart Institute Journal, 44, 4, pp. 279-282, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Narayanaswamy, V, Giatpaiboon, S, Wiesmann, W, Baker, S, Townsend, S, Uhrig, J, Orwin, P 2018, 'In Vitro activity of novel glycopolymer against clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus', Plos ONE, 13, 1, pp. 1-16, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Nori, Y, Matsuo, D, Hideharu, H, Hisao, Y, Norihisa, Y, Shoji, H, Yukihiro, A, Kazunori, T, Yoshioka, N, Deguchi, M, Hagiya, H, Yoshida, H, Yamamoto, N, Hashimoto, S, Akeda, Y, Tomono, K 2018, 'Available, Bed-sided, Comprehensive (ABC) score to a diagnosis of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection: a derivation and validation study', BMC Infectious Diseases, 18, pp. 1-7, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Boyce J, 2009 World Health Organization World Alliance for Patient Safety First Global Patient Safety Challenge Core Group of Experts The World Health Organization guidelines on hand hygiene in health care and their consensus recommendations. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol.;30(7):611622. Sato, T, Usui, M, Konishi, N, Kai, A, Matsui, H, Hanaki, H, Tamura, Y 2017, 'Closely related methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from retail meat, cows with mastitis, and humans in Japan', Plos ONE, 12, 10, pp. 1-11, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Srensen, A, Toft, N, Boklund, A, Espinosa-Gongora, C, Grsbll, K, Larsen, J, Halasa, T 2017, 'A mechanistic model for spread of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) within a pig herd', Plos ONE, 12, 11, pp. 1-18, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Udo, E, Al-Sweih, N 2017, 'Dominance of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones in a maternity hospital', Plos ONE, 12, 6, pp. 1-12, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018. Wang, H, Lee, T, Tseng, Y, Liu, T, Huang, K, Chang, Y, Chen, C, Lu, J 2018, 'A new scheme for strain typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on the basis of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry by using machine learning approach', Plos ONE, 13, 3, pp. 1-16, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 April 2018.